Continuous Integration with PHP
This page explains yml configuration that is specific to PHP projects. For a complete yml reference, please read the YML structure page
Our yml configuration is highly customizable. Please read the following sections carefully to learn how to configure your builds.
- Basic configuration
- Setting language and runtime
- Preparing your environment
- Configuring build and test commands
- Test and code coverage visualizations
- Advanced config
The following shippable.yml should get you started with a simple PHP project.
language: php php: - "7.0"
The snippet above will run the default command
phpunit with PHP 7.0. To customize this configuration, please read the sections below.
Please note that the 7.0 version is inside double quotes. For any version ending with a 0, remember to use double quotes around the version number.
Setting language and runtime
For PHP projects, the
language tag should always be set to
php. You can set the runtime to any version(s) using the
language: php php: - "7.0"
Our official build images, which are used to run your builds by default, come installed with multiple versions of PHP.
To find out which versions are supported out of the box for your build image, read our languages overview for PHP.
If you want to test against several versions of PHP, you can specify multiple runtimes. The snippet below will trigger 2 builds, one against each version:
php: - 5.6 - "7.0"
Important note: The runtime tag only works with official CI images provided by Shippable. If you are using a custom image for your build, you will need to switch the runtime in the
ci section of your yml.
Preparing your environment
If you're running a simple PHP build, feel free to skip this section since you should not have to do anything to prepare the environment. Read this section only if your build needs specific environment variables or you have very custom requirements for your build image.
Setting environment variables
You can define any custom environment variables in the
env section of your yml. Please read the docs on Environment variables for more information.
Overriding the default build image
Depending on the
language tag in your yml, an official build image is chosen for your build by default, and your build container is started with standard options. To find out the default image used for your builds, please read the Machine images overview.
If the default image does not satisfy your requirements, you can do one of three things:
- Continue using default image and include commands to install any missing dependencies or packages in your yml
- Switch your Machine Image to a more recent version that contains what you need
- Use a custom build image that contains exactly what you need for your CI. Please note that this will add time to your build since the image will be pulled from a registry.
Configuring build and test commands
ci section should contain all commands you need for your
ci workflow. Commands in this section are executed sequentially. If any command fails, we exit this section with a non zero exit code.
If needed, you can download and install any dependencies needed for your build. This can be done using a PHP script, a shell script or with any series of commands. For example:
build: ci: - ./bin/ci/install_deps.sh - php vendor/vendors.php
Include your test command(s) in the ci section, after you've installed any required dependencies.
build: ci: - phpunit <path to test file>
Test and code coverage
You can view your test and code coverage results in a consumable format and drill down further to find out which tests failed or which sections of your code were not covered by your tests.
Your tests results data needs to be in junit format and your code coverage results need to be in cobertura format in order to see these visualizations. Test and code coverage results need to be saved to shippable/testresults and shippable/codecoverage folders so that we can parse the reports.
For example, you can enable test and code coverage visualizations while using phpunit as shown below:
build: ci: - mkdir -p shippable/testresults - mkdir -p shippable/codecoverage - phpunit --log-junit shippable/testresults/junit.xml --coverage-xml shippable/codecoverage test.php
Enabling pre-installed extensions
Your build container comes pre-installed with the following extensions for versions 5.4, 5.5, 5.6: memcache, memcached, mongo, amqp-1.6.8, zmq-beta, redis
You need to enable the extensions you need in your yml. Replace the
build: ci: - echo "extension=<extension>.so" >> $HOME/.phpenv/versions/$(phpenv version-name)/etc/php.ini;
If you need to install an extension that is not pre-installed in your build container, you can use pickle to install and enable it as shown below:
build: ci: - pickle install intl - echo "extension=intl.so" >> $HOME/.phpenv/versions/$(phpenv version-name)/etc/php.ini;
Caching PHP extensions
If you are installing php extensions s part of your build, you might want to cache the extensions folder to speed up your build. This will avoid instaling the extention each time:
build: cache: true cache_dir_list: - $HOME/.phpenv/versions/$(phpenv version-name)/lib/php/extensions/
ci section is blank, we will run a default command. This has the same effect as the yml snippet below:
build: ci: - phpunit
To avoid executing the default command, include a simple command in like
ls in this section.